quinta-feira, 6 de março de 2014

A terra dos Tzares em cores: fotografias da Rússia de um século atrás.

Fotografias surpreendentes, capturadas em cores vivas, mostram a vida na Rússia no início de 1900 quando o país estava à beira da Primeira Guerra Mundial - e da revolução.
[Imagens pelas lente e técnica de Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii, em visita a sua terra natal.]

The photographer was commissioned by Tsar Nicholas II to travel around Russia capturing images of the nation in the early years of the 1900s, in full colour

An Armenian woman in national costume poses for Prokudin-Gorsky on a hillside near Artvin (in present day Turkey)

In order to capture the scenes in colour, Prokudin-Gorsky had to take three photos, each time with a different colour filter over the lens, which meant that sometimes, when subjects moved, the colours would blur and distort - as seen in this image

Self-portrait: Prokudin-Gorsky's method resembles modern nature shots. He is pictured here surveying the Russian landscape

A group of women in Dagestan pose for a photo. Prokudin-Gorsky was charged with capturing the faces and landscapes of Russia

The extraordinary photos capture the landscapes of Russia at the beginning of the 20th century in vivid colour

Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky
Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky

Prokudin-Gorsky began implementing his three-colour method after studying under German photochemist Adolf Miethe

After leaving Russia in 1918, Prokudin-Gorsky moved to Germany, where he remarried and had a daughter, Elka. He then moved to Paris and was reunited with his first wife and three adult children, with whom he started a photography studio

The tsar granted Prokudin-Gorsky access across the nation and provided with a railway car equipped with a dark room

Prokudin-Gorsky was one of the most famous photographers in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century

A group of Jewish children with their teacher: The vivid colours in the boys' coats are preserved for the historical record due to Sergey Prokudin-Gorsk's three-colour method

Boathouse: Prokudin-Gorsky took photos of the country as it was about to enter WWI and then a revolution. But he still captured moments of tranquility and beauty

Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky
Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky

Two parents and their three daughters rest in a field as the sun sets, their agrarian way of life would be ruthlessly shut down in coming decades, as forced industrialisation occurred across the nation

After the revolution in 1917, the photographer was offered the position of professor at a university, but left the country a year later. He moved to Germany and then to Paris

A man moulds an artistic casting. This photo, taken in the Kasli Iron Works in 1910, comes from the album Views in the Ural Mountains, survey of industrial area, Russian Empire

Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky
Historical Russian photos by Sergey Prokudin Gorsky

Russian church: A view of the Nikolaevskii Cathedral  in Mozhaisk in 1911

The photographer (front right) poses on a handcar outside Petrozavodsk on the Murmansk railway along Lake Onega

Can't sit still: This image shows how difficult it was to capture colour at the time. If any of the children moved while the three different photographs were taken the colour would blur

Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky was one of the most famous photographers in Russia at the time. He was the editor of the country's leading photographic journal and continued to contribute to journals around the world once he left Russia

A wealthy woman poses outdoors on a magnificent rug in a richly ornamented outfit and headdress

Here, Sergey has captured a Sart woman in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Until the Russian revolution of 1917, ¿Sart¿ was the name for Uzbeks living in Kazakhstan

A shepherd boy on the Sim River in the Ural Mountains is pictured here, resting in 1910

Almost half of the negatives produced by the photographer during his tour of Russia were confiscated when he left the country after the Russian revolution

Workers and supervisors pose for a photograph amid preparations for pouring cement for sluice dam foundation across the Oka River near Beloomut in 1912

The pictures show the diversity of the Russian landscape at the beginning of a tumultuous century for the nation

Prokudin-Gorsky died in Paris in 1944, a month after the city was liberated from Nazi occupation

Rural scene: A group of people rest in the middle of a field. They have a tea pot and refreshments and look like they have stopped for a picnic or lunchbreak

Mail Online [ 
Land of the Tzars in colour: Fascinating photographs show the people and places of pre-revolutionary Russia]

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